Snow Sports Student-Centered Teaching

The tools a teacher uses to develop student-centered teaching methods. To put the student at the center, we must put our focus on the learning experience. This attention to the learning experience over the teaching method allows for the teacher to facilitate more engaging experiences, improve retention, and promote rapid skill progression. 老师用来开发以学生为中心的教学方法的工具。 要以学生为中心,我们必须专注于学习经验。 在教学方法上对学习经验的这种关注使教师能够促进更多的互动体验,提高保持力并促进技能快速进步。


Tools to create student-centered learning experiences:
创造以学生为中心的学习体验的工具:


Understand Your Student - People Skills

Fundamentals of People Skills 人际交往基础

  • Trust 信任 - Trust between Student and Teacher 学生与老师之间的信任
  • Me 我 - Instructor Behavior & Emotions 教师行为与情感
  • You 您 - Student Profile and Demographics 学生资料和人口统计
  • Us 我们 - The Partnership and Relationship between student and teacher 学生与老师之间的伙伴关系和关系

C.A.P. Model

Teaching to Your Students Demographic 教學對你的學生的需求

  • Cognitive 知性 - How we Think 我们如何思考
  • Affective 對外吸收 - How we Feel 我们的感觉
  • Physical 體質體能 - How we move 我们如何移动

Piaget's Stage of Development Piaget的發展階段

According to psychologist Jean Piaget, children progress through a series of four critical stages of cognitive development. Each stage is marked by shifts in how kids understand the world. 根據心理學家讓·皮亞傑,兒童進步發展通過一系列的認知發展的四個關鍵階段。每個階段都標示著孩子們如何理解世界的轉變。 所謂認知發展(cognitive development)是指個體自出生後在適應環境的活動中,吸收知識時的認知方式以及解決問題的思維能力,其隨著年齡增長而改變的歷程。

  • Sensorimotor Stage (birth to age 2) 感知動作階段(出生至2歲)
  • Preoperational Stage (Age 3 to age 6) 前運思階段(3至6歲)
  • Concrete Operational Stage (Age 7 to 11) 具體運思階段(7至11歲)
  • Formal Operational Stage (Age 12 to Adult) 形式運思階段(12歲至成人)


Creating Learning Experiences - Teaching Skills

Teaching/Learning Cycle 教学周期 by Ellan Post Foster

PSIA AASI Teaching / Learning Cycle

Use this basic formula to create a student-centered learning experience. 使用此基本公式可以创建以学生为中心的学习体验。

  • Welcome & Introduction 欢迎与介绍
  • Assess Student 评估学生
  • Determine Goals and Plan Experiences 确定目标并计划经验
  • Create Experiences for Learning 创造学习经验
  • Guide Practice 指导实践
  • Review and Preview 审阅和预览

Learning Process 学习过程

Engage your students through activities, thought, and practice. 通过活动,思想和实践来吸引学生。

  • Experience 经验 - Have an Experience 有经验
  • Reflect 反思 - Reflect on the Experience 体验反思
  • Learn 学习 - Learn from the Experience 从经验中学习
  • Apply 应用 - Apply what is learned 应用学到的东西

Teaching Cycle 教學流程

  • Introduce Movements 介紹動作
  • Demonstrate Task 示範
  • Practice Movements/Task 練習動作
  • Give Movement Analysis Feedback 動作分析評語

Children's Teaching Cycle 兒童教學流程

  • Play 戲耍
  • Drill 複習
  • Adventure 挑戰 
  • Summary 總結

Create Experiences for Learning 创造学习经验

  • Listen to your students and build the lesson environment. 听您的学生,并建立课程环境。
  • Choose appropriate terrain, based student skill level, and on snow conditions. 根据学生的技能水平和雪况选择合适的地形。
  • Use experiences to target change in performance and improve understanding. 利用经验来锁定绩效变化并增进理解。
  • Engage students in the process of reflection. 让学生参与反思。
  • Introduce new experiences and information based on student readiness. 根据学生的节奏介绍新的体验和信息
  • Provide simple instruction that’s easy to understand. 提供简单易懂的说明。
  • Promote group engagement, interaction, and support. 促进小组的参与,互动和支持。

 


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